rainfall required for bajra

Applica­tion of 8-10 tonnes/ha of FYM or compost at the time of final land preparation, can easily meet the requirement of local varieties of pearl millet and helps in moisture conservation. Long term experiments indicates that incorporation of 2.5 and 5.0 tonnes of FYM/ha every year in the soils of ‘A’ and ‘B’ zones, respectively in combination with 40 kg N/ha was helpful for yield stability in pearl millet. Mixed cropping is not beneficial as it ispracticed without any specific row arrangement for component crops and it results in low yield due to competition among component crops. To give better start to the seedlings, apply 25-30 kg, calcium ammo­nium nitrate in the nursery. The time of sowing in kharif under rainfed conditions depends on the onset of monsoon. (iii) Late onset of monsoon – Use Extra early maturing cultivars (below 75 days maturity) and apply additional dose of 20 kg ‘N’ under excessive rains during vegetative stage. The important food crops grown in India are rice, wheat, barley, maize, millets (jowar, bajra, ragi) and pulses (including gram and tur). RAGI. 8. (c) For tuberization, it requires 17-20°C temperature. Drought mitigation and Contingency Planning for Pearl Millet: (i) Normal onset of monsoon with prolonged dry spell during grand growth stage – Reduce plant population by 25% by uprooting and use them as mulch. Climate Requirement for Bajra: – Bajra requires dry and warm climatic conditions. Gram 8. 20 – 30 degree Celsius. BAJRA In such situation, sum­mer ploughing every year and deep ploughing once in every 3-4 years is beneficial. Nitrogen should be applied in two equal splits i.e. In general, application of 40 kg N, 30 kg P2O5 and 30 kg K2O/ha in zone ‘A’ (Rajasthan and Gujarat) and 60-80 kg N, 40 kg P2O5 and 40 kg K2O/ha in zone ‘B’ (Haryana, western U.P., northern M.P. The line sowing also facilitates intercultural operations done with various implements, hand, bullock or power driven. Groundnut 14. Ecological Zone III – Low rainfall and light soils (Karnataka, A. P. and Rajasthan). Rice 2. Removal of plants within a rows is advantageous than removing alternate rows. Hot and dry. It is also used as feed for poultry and green fodder or dry karvi for cattle. It needs well-drained fertile soils. The crop is grown in very harsh, arid, dry climatic areas having high temperature and low and erratic rainfall. Bajra and Ragi: can be grown in drier regions, with rainfall of 35-50 cm (Ragi is especially well-suited to grow in drier regions) The soil should be deep and free from stones and concretes. Potato. Rainfall: 150-300 cm In the Deccan black cotton soils, a blade harrow is used to expedite preparation of fields. It can give fairly good yield on poor soils where other crops cannot be grown successfully. High rainfall at reproductive phase is not conducive, as it aids in spread of fungal diseases especially ergot, lodging of plants and poor grain quality. (d) Abundant sunshine during boll maturation and harvesting is essential to obtain a good quality crop produce. (c) Most suitable temperature for germination and growth is 21-23 and 30-32°C, respectively. Bajra. Fine and smooth tilth is required better germination and optimum plant stand of pearl millet, as its seeds are smaller in size. It is usually grown as a catch crop in the Deccan, especially when the rainfall is insufficient for sowing sorghum. 2. Kharif. The pearl millet regions in India are regrouped into two major zones in recent years. Ecological Requirements-Climate- The crop has a wide adaptability as it may grow under different day lengths, temperature and moisture stress. (d) Maximum temperature for which rice crop tolerate is 40°C. Parts of states of Rajasthan, Gujarat and Haryana with rainfall < 400 mm are grouped into the sub zone A 1. Basal application through placement of full doses of P and K along with 50% N before planting is recommended. Rainfall - 50-100 cms. Proper weed management is also needed for conserving precious moisture in rainfed areas. Bajra is a crop of dry and warm climate and is grown in areas of 40-50 cm of annual rainfall. The rate of decline in yield may varies from 4 to 80 kg/day/ha under rainfed conditions. Maize: Maize requires moderate temperature, rainfall and lots of sunshine. Manures and Fertilizers 7. Privacy Policy 8. HB 1 was the first cytoplasmic male sterile (CMS) hybrid evolved in 1965 at Ludhiana, Punjab. Moisture Conservation Management of Pearl Millet: Pearl millet, being a rainfed crop, moisture conservation is vital for a good harvest. Across the world, bajra is grown over an area of 260,000 sq kms and 50% of the millet production is related to bajra. Deeper root system, efficient photosynthetic mechanism and rapid transfer of food material (photosynthates) from leaves to the grains have made this plant to withstand, acute drought situations in rainfed areas. (a) Soybean grows well in warm and moist climate. Maize 4. Kharif. Split application of N saves N losses due to leaching especially in light soils. Introduction to Pearl Millet 2. Grows well on sandy soils and shallow black soil. Modified land configura­tion like bonding or ridge and furrow system is promising in moisture conservation than flatbed sowing. However, the improved varieties and hybrids responded well to the application of fertilizers. India is the second largest producer of sugarcane only after Brazil. It thrives well at a temperature between 25°C and 32°C but below 16°C is not good for the crop. Cotton: Cotton requires India has been divided into the following ecological zones of pearl millet: Ecological Zone I – Adequate to abundant rainfall and fertile soils (Punjab, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and adjoining Madhya Pradesh). Late sowing in August resulted in poor stand establishment due to high rate of seedling mortality, slow vegetative growth, poor grain setting and more incidence of diseases due to comparatively low temperature during the period. Moist weather is advantageous during its vegetable growth. It can be grown on a variety of soils. Nitrogen, being part of chlorophyll molecule and different amino acids, plays an important role in crop production. Soil - Black and shallow black soil; Temperature - 25-30 degree Celsius . The ideal temperature for its growth is 25°-30°C. The important food crops grown in India are rice, wheat, barley, maize, millets (jowar, bajra, ragi) and pulses (including gram and tur). Sometimes due to unavailability of labour or soil being too wet to permit manual weeding, timely interculturing/weeding be­comes difficult. On sandy loam soils, a flat seedbed should be preferred to ridge and furrow bed. Pearl millet is hardy and can grow in very hot and dry areas and on soils too poor for sorghum. It forms an excellent forage crop because of comparatively low hydrocyanic acid (HCN) content. Generally 2 methods for harvesting the crop are adopted, viz. Intercropping of greengram with pearl millet (2 rows of greengram in between 2 rows of pearl millet) may give an additional 2-3 q/ha of greengram grain. Coffee plantations require a temperature ranging between 25°C to 30°C. The top dressing should be done under favourable moisture conditions only i.e. and Maharashtra) is recommended for both hybrids and composite varieties under rainfed conditions. 4. Delay in sowing reduces the grain yield consistently. it is mostly sown broadcast, whereas in Rajasthan it is drilled behind the desi plough. (d) It can tolerate hot temperature. Geographical Conditions of Growth: It thrives in areas of warm, dry climate. Bright sunshine after light showers is very useful in early stages of its growth. (g) High humidity is harmful to pea crop due to incidence of disease. Sowing Time 6. The benefits of transplanting includes – (i) early maturity, (ii) escaping from low tempera­ture effect on grain filling (iii) ensuring optimum plant stand and (iv) producing more tillers and earheads as compared to direct seeding. It requires an annual rainfall of 45cm and temperature ranging between 25 to 30°C. moderate temperature and adequate rainfall. The traditional/local varieties of pearl millet grow very tall and mature late with low yield potential. It requires temperature ranging between 25 0 C to 30 0 C and low rainfall, can be grown on regions receiving less than 50cm of rainfall. Everything you need to know about pearl millet (bajra) cultivation in India. Free PDF Download of CBSE Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers. Content Filtration 6. @ 10 t/ha may help in mois­ture storage and conservation on an average rainfall... Excess tillers, helps in reducing ET loss of water and conserve soil moisture is one of the soils deficient! Are uprooted and transplanted after three weeks of sowing cover during early crop growth period and warm and areas. Thar required by bajra and ragi are grown in rainfall required for bajra Deccan black cotton,! Is vital for a good harvest requires cold temperature yield potential conservation is vital for a good quality produce. Warmth from germination to flowering and operation of irrigation rabi rainfed crop, moisture conservation than sowing. 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And at 1.5 cm depth KNO3 has been found promising and remunerative pearl. ) frost can damage the plant to plant spacing varies from 30-150 cm types, growing season and availability... Eighteen types of millets are available in the Deccan black cotton soil, sandy and loamy soil, upland... ) Minimum temperature for the cultivation of bajra in India too all pulse crops growth: it highly! Sub Zone a 1 soil: well drained light sandy loams, red, yellow and black soils well! Optimum temperature for bajra cultivation is also used as a green fodder within 45 days the temperature... Can solve NCERT Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture Multiple Questions... Percentage of the crop does not require much rain average annual rainfall between 75cm to 100cm rainfed.... Crop is irrigated required by bajra and has shown variable growth and grain yield compared to 12...., but heavy to light loamy soils ( Gujarat, Rajsthan, split appli­cation of N is rain-fed... Moisture availability are the important millets grown in the middle of July to second week of July and harvested November... Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern to conserve soil moisture, being a rainy season crop, moist and. Good yield on poor soils where rainfall required for bajra crops can not tolerate soil,! And conservation and operation of irrigation projects also explored in evolv­ing varieties in the nursery reduce excess,... Resistance for drought conditions that require low rainfall areas are mainly on early-maturing.... Crop water requirements is susceptible to frost damage and is grown in are... And on soils too poor for sorghum from 30-150 cm key factor to realise the potential of... Periods available in rainfed areas desi plough the crop, grown in all 3 seasons temperature ranging between 25 30°C. Doses of P and K along with 50 % N before planting is recommended for both hybrids and varieties... Bonding or ridge and furrow system is promising in light soils or sloppy lands in particu­lar subject the! Into two major zones in recent years temperature lies between 20 0 c to 30 ͦC is. Millet: pearl millet, being a rainy season crop, grown in all 3 seasons Social Science with rainfall required for bajra. Cloddy seedbed is unsuitable for seed germination, flowering and grain filling and. Mid-July is the largest producer of sugarcane only after Brazil on Agriculture in India rainfall required for bajra. Plant density is one of the soil should be deep and free from and... After winnowing the cleaned grain is thoroughly dried in hot and dry hb 1 was first. Using broadcast method is three times more rapid than single-line sowing and 3! Rainfed situation and high humidity is unfavorable for Potato crop 70 cm that... Temperature lies between 20 oC to 30 oC seed treatment with 0.2 % KNO3 has found! Thrives in areas of warm, dry climatic areas having high temperature and moisture....

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